Modelling long term effects of cropping and managements systems on soil organic matter, C/N dynamics and crop growth

Petr Hlavinka, Jørgen E. Olesen, Kurt-Christian Kersebaum, Miroslav Trnka, Eva Pohankova, Tomaso Stella, Roberto Ferrise, Marco Moriondo, Gerrit Hoogenbom, Vakhtang Shelia, Claas Nendel, Markéta Wimmerová, Alex Topaj, Sergey Medvedev, Domenico Ventrella, Margarita Ruiz-Ramos, Alfredo Rodríguez Sánchez, Jozef Takáč, Ravi H. Patil, Işık Öztürk, Munir Hoffmann, Anne Gobin, Reimund P. Rötter


While simulation of cropping systems over a few years might reflect well the short term effects of management and cultivation, long term effects on soil properties and their consequences for crop growth and matter fluxes are not captured. Especially the effect on soil carbon sequestration/depletion is addressed by this task. Simulations of an ensemble of crop models are performed as transient runs over a period of 120 year using observed weather from three stations in Czech Republic (1961-2010) and transient long time climate change scenarios (2011-2080) from five GCM of the CMIP5 ensemble to assess the effect of different cropping and management systems on carbon sequestration, matter fluxes and crop production in an integrative way. Two cropping systems are regarded comprising two times winter wheat, silage maize, spring barley and oilseed rape. Crop rotations differ regarding their organic input from crop residues, nitrogen fertilization and implementation of catch crops. Models are applied for two soil types with different water holding capacity. Cultivation and nutrient management is adapted using management rules related to weather and soil conditions. Data of phenology and crop yield from the region of the regarded crops were provided to calibrate the models for crops of the rotations. Twelve models were calibrated in this first step. For the transient long term runs results of four models were submitted so far. Outputs are crop yields, nitrogen uptake, soil water and mineral nitrogen contents, as well as water and nitrogen fluxes to the atmosphere and groundwater. Changes in the carbon stocks and the consequences for nitrogen mineralisation, N fertilization and emissions also considered. 

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