Simulating the sensitivity of carbon and water fluxes as well as yield within the ClimAfrica project

Per Bodin


Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) is a region expected to be particularly sensitive to climate change effects on crop yield (Barrios et al. 2008). Annual precipitation, calculated as averages for each African country, is expected to change by −39 to +64 mm by 2030 (Jarvis et al. 2012). The effect of climate also becomes larger as ~97 % of all agricultural land in SSA is rain fed (Rockström et al. 2004).

The aim of the ClimAfrica project (FP7) is to better understand and predict climate change in SSA and to analyse the impacts on ecosystems and populations. Within the modeling Work Package (WP3) the main goal is to quantify the sensitivity of vegetation productivity and water resources to seasonal interannual decadal variability in weather and climate using a set of crop models.

Here we present some results on the sensitivity of  simulated carbon fluxes and FAPAR for different representations of cropland in a vegetation model (LPJ-GUESS: Lindeskog et al. 2013) as well as the sensitivity on simulated fluxes of carbon water and crop yield using a range of vegetation and crop models (LPJ-GUESS, LPJmL, ORCHIDEE and DSSAT), climate datasets, GCM output and bias correction/downscaling techniques.

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