Effect of drought and heat stresses on transpiration and photosynthesis of wheat

Katarzyna Kondracka, Artur Nosalewicz, Jerzy Lipiec


Global warming and frequent extreme weather conditions affect crop yields worldwide. Drought and high temperatures are among stresses that often act simultaneously. Therefore the aim of the studies was to analyze effect of combined drought and heat stresses on growth and function of spring wheat.

The experiment was conducted in a growth chamber conditions. Spring wheat cv Łagwa was planted in soil columns of 10cm in diameter and 45cm high filled with Orthic Luvisol developed from loess and grown up  to the end of flowering.  The treatments were: (C) control with optimum growth soil water potential 160 hPa (pF 2.2) , 250 µmol m-2s-1 PAR, 22/18 °C day / night temperatures and  60% air relative humidity throughout growing period; (D) drought stress with soil water potential 250 kPa (pF 3.4) at flowering; (HT) high temperature stress with air temperature 34/24°C and optimum soil water potential ; (DHT) drought  (as above) and high temperature (34/24°C day / night) stresses at flowering. During the experiment photosynthesis rate, transpiration and stomatal conductance were  measured using the gas exchange system GFS-3000 and DualPAM 100 (Walz, Germany).

Drought stress reduced photosynthesis rate by  11%, high temperature by 19% and both stresses by 79% as compared to control  (100%). However, drought stress decreased transpiration rate similarly as combined drought and high temperature stresses (by 60-63%). Transpiration rate under high temperature stress compared to control slightly increased.

Previous issues and volumes can be found in the 'Archives' section.

You can refer to a paper published in this series in the following format Author (2013) Title. FACCE MACSUR Reports 2: D-C1.3, where "D-C1.3" is the article ID en lieu of page range.